Important Pre-Employment Screening Information
Know what employers CAN and CAN'T find out about applicants!
Violence, theft and criminal activity have become greater risks in the workplace, which necessitates the task of pre- employment screening and employee background checks. That's why employers are taking interest in performing criminal background checks in addition to asking about criminal records on job applications. In fact, employers who fail to take reasonable precautions about those they hire can be sued if an employee with a criminal background harms someone. A Background Check Company relieves the employer of this time-consuming task by providing data regarding employment and pre-employment screening services in an easy, prompt and expedient manner.
Do criminal record searches mean that applicants who have criminal background records or had a brush with the law will never find a good job, or that employers are assured that they will never hire a person with a criminal background? The answer to both is no. When private employers check an applicant’s criminal background records, they normally do not have access to governmental criminal databases. Private employers can check criminal records only by going to individual courthouses and looking through the records that are kept by each court. Since there are more than 10,000 courthouses in America, a nationwide courthouse check of the applicant's criminal background record is not practical.
To determine where to search or perform background screening, employers will examine the resume or job application. They can also review records kept by credit bureaus that list addresses associated with Social Security Numbers, and they need to verify past jobs to confirm where a person has been and to make sure there are no unexplained gaps in employment. Without a careful check of previous addresses, criminal background records can be missed.
When an employer hires a Background Check Company to perform the search, it is regulated by the Federal Fair Credit Reporting Act. Searches can be conducted only if an applicant provides written consent. If a criminal record is found, applicants must be given an opportunity to question its accuracy and must receive a copy of their legal rights before the decision to deny the job is made final. Due to the manner in which public records are maintained, errors are always possible, and cases of mistaken identification have occurred. There are also legal limits on how far back court researchers can go in reporting convictions.
Despite these limitations, employers still find criminal background record searches valuable. A search for criminal background records discourages applicants with something to hide and limits uncertainty in the hiring process. It also shows that an employer exercised due diligence. Even if an applicant is found to have a criminal background record during background screening by an employment services screening agency, there are legal limitations on what information can be used by an employer.
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If a criminal conviction or pending case is located, does that necessarily mean that an applicant is eliminated? The answer again is no. Courts have found that a policy of automatically denying employment can result in discrimination against certain groups. Instead, employers must examine whether there is a sound business reason to not hire an individual with a criminal record, taking into account the nature of the offense, whether it is job-related, when it occurred and what the person has done since.
What should applicants do if they are concerned about a criminal matter? First, ask an attorney if the criminal record can be expunged or set aside by going back to court, or whether it is the type of offense that an employer may legally ask about or consider. Second, applicants can seek to rebuild their resumes by finding employment with people they know, or with employers in a tight job market willing to give them an opportunity. Finally, honesty is always the best policy. A criminal matter explained during an interview may have much less of a negative impact than hiding it and having an employer discover it later. The denial of a job could be based upon the lack of truthfulness, regardless of the nature of the offense.
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